Area: 488,100 sq.meter
Population: 5,171,943 (2014)
Currency: Manat (TMT)
Turkmenistan is the home of some of the World’s oldest civilizations, having made a significant contribution to the development of World culture. Modern Turkmenistan’s borders first appeared in the world around the same time as India and the Middle East. Historical sources prove that in the 3rd-2nd millennia BC two large states, which were consolidated nations living far from each other in the desert and river valleys, were established on the territory of present-day Turkmenistan.The area was ruled in antiquity by various Persian empires, and was conquered by Alexander the Great, Muslim crusaders, the Mongols, Turkic warriors, and eventually the Russians. In medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia in the late 1800s, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic; it achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.
The most detailed national flag in the world, it features a green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to those on the flag of the United Nations; a white waxing crescent moon, typical of Turkic and Islamic symbology, and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe.The green and red colors appear in this flag because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces of Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, and Mary.
Turkmenistan’s economy is highly dependent on the exploitation of its natural gas (it has the fifth largest reserves in the world) as well as its oil, which accounts for 60% of its exports. In the field of agriculture, half of irrigated land is used to grow cotton, making the country the tenth largest producer in the world.
Freedom of worship was introduced in 1989. The majority of the population is Sunni Muslim. This is a branch of Islam which believes in mysticism and treats all secular matters with contempt. Islam is a part of the new national identity (evident, for instance, in the new flag) and plays an important role in the everyday life of the people. Nevertheless, most Turkmen have adopted western customs and habits. They are also very tolerant of other religions. Nowadays the Religions split like this: Muslim 85%, Eastern Orthodox 10% and other 5%.
About the transportation, Turkmenistan offers many ways to travel across the country:
- By plane, widely used here. You can use the Turkmenistan Airlines for domestic travel without emptying his wallet! On average, a flight cost around 60 manats ($ 20)
- By boat, very rarely used, just allow the link with Azerbaijan by the Caspian Sea.
- Taking a bus to get around the city as Ashgabat, it is very easy to use this means of transportation cost and cheap (tmt 0.30 = $ 0.10)
In town, some local can take you to the other side of town for 3 manats ($ 1) just by reaching out your hand along the road.
Ashgabat, the capital wich demonstrates the power and wealth of the country. Each figure and symbol of Turkmenistan are represented. On each of the official buildings, one can find the picture of the president who strengthens its image among Turkmen. The city brings together all government buildings all bigger . The Turkmen Culture pays attention to cultural symbols of the country whose personality: Magtymguly Pyragy. He was a Turkmen spiritual leader and philosophical poet who made significant efforts to secure independence and autonomy for his people in the 18th century. Much of Magtymguly’s poetry depicts “The Suffering of the common people as Caused by the selfish predations Of Those in power”.
Nowadays, Turkmenistan shows neutrality in international conflicts. Its large reserves of gas and oils contribute to the sustainability of the country for years.For 20 years, Turkmenistan grows and becomes more dynamic with the support of international companies.